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How Video on Demand Works? The Technology Stack Behind the Curtain

(Last Updated On: November 12, 2018)

How Video on Demand Works? The Technology stack behind the curtain

A typical evening of a random urban young adult is no longer spending them in front of the TV. Though these demographics still spend their evenings watching their favorite shows, the setup has shifted to on-demand streaming from the traditional media. The near future also indicates that video streaming might completely take over traditional TV. In fact, the said future is nearer than we anticipate.

The number of households worldwide that is projected to have subscription based video-on-demand services as their prime source of entertainment is a staggering 450 million by 2022 with a money value of 842 billion US dollars.

This paves a grand entrance for the hundreds, if not thousands of video streaming solutions across the world.

Now that you’re ready to set on a journey to build your very own video on demand platform, what are the major facets to look into?

Before venturing into building a video on demand website, it is a fundamental need to take the following factors into account as they decide the performance and efficiency of the video on demand platform to be built.

An Indisputable Scalability

Scalability is the most important factor to deliver an overall pleasant video watching experience, be it on-demand or through live streaming. Any video on demand service would function at a decent rate when it is provided bandwidth intensity. This ensures the streaming has consistent low latency and limits the packet loss. All these factors contribute to a buffer free and high pixel rate streaming quality.

Security Measures that do not Compromise

With never-ending hours worth of video content scattered online, security becomes an uncompromisable aspect in every way. Maintaining the exclusivity of your content is a Key factor to make your video on demand platform sustainable.

Pliable Features

At present, there are a ton of new solutions being launched online to stream videos. To make a video on demand website or app, a successful platform entails a tinge of exclusivity to its work model. Availing solutions that provide pre-built packages might cut down a dime in your budget, but they come at a cost of restricting your creative juices while building your brainchild. Thus, opting for a solution that gives customizing options would be effective in the long run.

Stunning User Experience

Giving your customers the best viewer experience is what every platform creator would aim to do. This overall great experience can be only be attained when every aspect of what goes into building the video streaming website or app is given equal importance; from UI integration to a customized suggestion of videos and buffer free streaming.

Adapt with Upcoming Technologies

TV was what modernization was raving about for the last two decades, and without a notice, it fell out of style. The is bound to happen to on-demand video platforms if there is no market research and updates in a constant pace.

Potential to Reach Globally

Creating a global audience has never been easier in the entertainment arena than the present. At the same time, the platforms that fail to go for a globalistic approach have high chances of failing even before establishing its potential.

Vplayed is a video on demand solution that has all the above factors implemented to its utmost capacity, owing to the fact that these are the fundamentals of a successful streaming strategy. To give an insight of how Vplayed gives provisions itself with state of the art technologies, let’s dive into the technical stack of it.

Technologies that Pillars Your Video on Demand Website/App

Interface

AngularJS & Laravel: Vplayed uses Angular and laravel Javascript to code its streaming solutions. Angular being a legacy of Google specializes in creating single page applications. They also give HTML data binding capacity, thus be responsible for providing highly responsive application and a rich overall experience.

Laravel is a PHP framework that makes authorizing access control to resources while creating websites using the code. Laravel can be used to create websites of varying sizes and complexities. In addition to this, the PHP framework also enables integration of 3rd party communication portals such as email libraries.

Content Delivery Network

The primary focus of Vplayed is to be able to deliver the customizations of clients to the dot. Vplayed’s content delivery network accedes multiple cloud servers with no limitations, providing unlimited storage and fast delivery of data. The content delivery network also issues traffic reports on a regional basis, for tweaked up your streaming ability.

Player

Vplayed primarily uses 3 media players in its solutions – MediaElement.js, Video.js, jPlayer. The players function is HTML5 video player and provides consistent quality of streaming for all video and audio formats. The players are adaptable cross-platform loaded with comprehensive API. In addition to this, Vplayed’s solutions are also built in such a way that they adopt any other player. This gives the users of Vplayed the choice of using the player of their selection.

Media storage

Vplayed’s solution is built to accommodate unlimited data through cloud storage, and the transcoding facility makes sure the content is intelligible across all platforms and devices.

AWS S3 – The solution primarily opts for Amazon AWS S3 bucket as the cloud facilitates preserving, retrieving and restoring the old versions of data back without fretting about running short on storage.

Google Storage – Though the storage comes with restrictions, the automatic scaling and code running with response to events compensate for this limitation.

Azure Storage – Generally used to store unstructured data as it suits to accommodate binary and text formats. They are the best to store backup data and restore them in case of any disaster recovery.

Minio – Minio is a private cloud storage designed with large-scale storage functionality. This high-performing cloud server has been deployed on a global scale with over 132 million docker pulls.

Data management

With countless hours of data files being stored in the streaming solution, a powerful database management system is crucial to stream files. Vplayed uses MySQL, Cassandra, Oracle, DM systems are stacked with multiple progressive features that enable them to handle large amounts of data on any server while providing high availability.

Protocol

Protocol systems such as RTMP and HLS maintains and watches over the connection between the physical servers and the video players. This process is done to ensure a glitch-free streaming to take place even during the times of fluctuations in bandwidth allocations.

File format

The Content delivery network used in Vplayed can tackle any kind of data files, both in video and audio formats. This comes in handy especially for live streaming as the video/audio recording can be streamed in both MP4 and HTTP formats without having to worry about adaptive bitrate.

Security

With a meticulously conceived security stratagem, Vplayed’s 3 tier security elements make sure your content is safeguarded.

DRM System – A system set up to protect the copyrights of content on digital platforms. DRM invigilates the usage, modifications made and patterns of distribution to ensure and enforce the legal policies.

SSL Certification – This certification provides secure communications by encrypting the content that passes through the certified systems and devices on online websites/browsers.

Access Control – Monitor and control the traffic your content receives and manage your audience in a refined fashion by tracking the IP of the devices.

Password Protection: Through password protected entries, manage user authorization efficiently.

Memcache

Memcache, as the name suggests is a cache system. Vplayed employs high performing distributed memory object caching that stores the cached data at a temporary location (aka device) and transmit the said data immediately on request. Through this, Memcache saves time and maintains a quick response rate by not depending on the DB for every request.

What to Take Away From This?

Now that you’ve been through a detailed cognizance of what sort of work goes into building a video streaming solution, you are fully saved from the hefty errands you might have otherwise run for. Take on the video streaming market with an organized overtone.

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